Response to the questions that have more than one possible answers need to be analyzed accordingly. For example,
1. What are the means of communication at your home?
The respondent might answer more than one response for the above example. Hence the data entry and data analysis for such variable in SPSS can be done with the following steps:
1. Create variables for each response in SPSS. (I have worked on the data-set "demo.sav" here which is a sample data-set available in the installation directory in your computer)
2. Those responses can be entered as "yes" and "no" for convenience.
3. Now, we should memorize which value we have used for "yes" for those responses. Usually, we give the value "1 for yes and 0 for no". In this example, we can see that the value for "yes" is 1.
4. After that, we go to analyze, multiple response and define variable sets.
5. After that a dialog box appears.
6. Drag the desired variables which are the multiple responses in the box "variables in set".
In the counted value, put the value for "yes". In the name, write the name of heading for these responses (without spaces). For example, I have types meanscom for indicating "means of communication". After that click on add and it goes to the list of "multiple response sets". Then you can see $meanscom on the right. Then, click Close
7. Now, go to analyze, multiple response response, then frequencies.
8. Then a following dialog box appears.
9. Drag the variable set ($meanscom in this example) to the right and click ok
10. Then, you see the following output.
11. Interpretation of output:
In the above output, Percent of responses and percent of cases are displayed. Percent of response is the percentage of each response out of total responses from the given data-set. Thus the sum total of percent of response is 100.
Similarly, percent of cases is the percent of cases or respondents saying "yes" for the particular means of communication. i.e. 39.9% of cases had wireless service, 42.2% cases had multiple lines, 43,1% had voice mail (etc.) as their means of communication.
If you have any queries, feedback or general comments please comment below and share it to your colleagues.
See you in the next tutorial!